Infectious diseases have been on the rise in pakistan, especially in Karachi. According to health experts , the city could face an outbreak of deadly diseases in coming days. These include rising stomach and throat infection.
Dr. Qiaser Sajjad, secretary of Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) and a renowned ENT specialist said,
“Karachi is on the verge of an environmental catastrophe due to the dumping of wastes on roads, which contains millions of types of bacteria and viruses and they are multiplying due to favorable conditions in the area. These pathogens are causing kinds of infectious diseases from skin allergies and infections to stomach ailments, throat and chest infections”.
Many other experts which included various dermatologists, gastroenterologists and ophthalmologists blamed the extremely unhygienic environment of Karachi and urged the government to remedy this issue. They further warned the authorities to be ready for deadly outbreaks that can wreak havoc throughout the Karachi.
“The entire city is stinking as if we are living in a huge garbage dump full of filth . This is due to the decomposition of organic matter as well as the burning of garbage within the city , which is producing and multiplying all kinds of bacteria and viruses. These pathogens can cause a serious health problems for millions of Karachiites,” Dr. Sajjad warned.
He added that a lot of citizens showed up at the hospitals for various asthma, throat and other allergies, however, the vast majority of the Karachi was unaware of the severity of the situation.
BREEDING GROUNDS FOR THE BACTERIA:
The experts complained that after Eid-ul-Adha, every corner of Karachi was filled with decayed intestines and blood of the animal, which has made the city ‘the perfect breeding ground’ for bacteria and other germs. Dr. Shahana Urooj Kazmi, a microbiologist while talking to The News said,
“The enteric tract of animals contains the highest number of bacteria and when they are left open they provide excellent breeding places for bacteria and other pathogens. These pathogens are getting airborne and causing all kinds of infectious diseases , which are passing these infections to others.
Dr.Shahana expressed her concern by saying the fact that pathogens not only contaminated the air but were also polluting water sources.
Experts complained that stomach diseases were on the rise after the Eid-ul-Adha as well. “Diarrhea and gastroenteritis cases have been on the rise for last days due to contaminated water and infected food, especially areas of low socio-economic group people. We are advising people to improve hygienic conditions around their places, use boiled water for drinking and eat home-cooked food,” said Dr. Shahid Ahmed, a senior gastroenterologist.
Similarly, various eye diseases such as pink eye also on the rise due to the unhygienic environment. Dr. Abdul Qadir, an ophthalmologist, had this to say:
“I have seen several cases of conjunctivitis during the last days and the probable reason is the growing environmental pollution caused by extremely worst hygienic conditions in Karachi. I would advise people to take precautionary measures, especially kids and elderly who are at a greater risk of catching these eye infections.”
The Sindh Environmental Protection Agency said that they were not responsible for this mess, as the responsibility of this lied in the hands of municipal authorities. Muhammad Saleem Raza said,
“Deterioration of environment due to lack of cleanliness is the responsibility of the mayor and DMCs” .